The Rider-Waite-Smith Tarot
Artist Pamela Colman-Smith added a number of new elements to the Chariot. It is no longer the two sphinxes / horses that are part of the chariot, but the charioteer himself. The chariot, which also has the shape of a cube, seems to rest on the ground. The charioteer rises, as it were, from the cube. This is symbolism that traces back to Ancient Egypt (see below) and refers to victory over matter / the body (the cube).
The laurel wreath that the man wears stands for his achieved spiritual victory. The crown with the eight-pointed star has the same meaning as the eight spokes in the wheel of the Visconti-Chariot. On the belt, around his waist, are (probably) the signs of the zodiac. Below the belt, on his clothing, are geomantic symbols. These were used for magic rituals by members of the occult group The Golden Dawn, of which Arthur E. Waite and Pamela Colman-Smith were members.
The two sphinxes – not visibly attached to the cube – hold the tip of their tail between their front legs. This is a reference to the ouroboros, the serpent that bites its own tail: a symbol from alchemy that refers to the oneness of everything.