The Strength card is usually explained as an allegory of the cardinal virtue Fortitudo. Important thinkers like Plato, Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas have come up with four important virtues that man should pursue:
- Prudentia (Caution – sensibility – wisdom)
- Iustitia (Justice – righteousness)
- Fortitudo (Courage – strength)
- Temperantia (Moderation – temperance – self-control)
That the Visconti Di Modrone card, from the 15th century (right), also represents a spiritual proces, becomes clear when we study the details. The woman’s mantle has a curly pattern, similar to the lion’s hair. This mantle is lined with white (= purified) fur. The woman’s hair has the same color as the lion’s hair. These are three indications that the energies of the lion (the lower nature) and the woman (the divine) have merged.
We can deduce the sublimation (deification) of the animal drives from the following details: the crown, the golden color of the lion, and the dark blue color of the mantle of the woman. Dark blue (indigo) is the color of the sixth chakra, where the sacred marriage takes place. The lion holds one paw up; a reference to the ‘oneness’ of the divine.
The woman’s golden hair strangely floats in the air, not hindered by gravity. This symbolizes the kundalini energy that flows from the pelvis to the head. The woman holds the lion’s mouth open and sits on him: she has control over him.
Goddesses standing or riding on a lion is an existing theme in iconography, that has the same deeper meaning as the Strength card (see below).